Fundamentalism’s Use of “You . . . are a royal priesthood” Backfires; Verse Actually Supports Ministerial Priesthood

An antagonist just informed me that the Catholic priesthood is not “biblical” because the Bible reads:
But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, God’s own people, that you many declare the wonderful deeds of him who called you out of darkness into his marvelous light (1 Peter 2:9).
If Protestantism entertained the entirety of Scripture to develop its theology instead of finding apparent proof-texts that fit a pre-conceived bigotry, then the verse, … and you shall be to me a kingdom of priests, a holy nation (Exodus 19:6), a description of the people of Israel, would make some sort of impact; would reveal that the established, ordained, legitimate priesthood of the Old Covenant was not usurped by the Old Covenant laity.  In parallel, St. Peter nearly quoted word-for-word of what would become the “Old Testament” Scriptures.  Under the Old Covenant, the entire assembly (ekklesia) was a royal priesthood and a holy nation, and yet they acknowledged the legitimacy of the ministerial priesthood.  So too, the entire New Covenant assembly (ekklesia) is a royal priesthood and a holy nation, and still contains a legitimate ministerial priesthood—and it was none other than St. Peter, the first pope, who so clearly referenced that reality within his letter—a clear reference that is rarely, if ever, acknowledged by the Protestant academy.
The existence of St. Peter’s letter, which actually supports Catholic ecclesiology (governance) when allowed to exist within the context that St. Peter alluded, is a result of an already established proper ecclesiology.  In other words, the Church’s laity recognized St. Peter’s role as a priest with authority, or else his letter would not be respected as authoritative; the ministerial priesthood that he was a part of was not usurped by the holy nation of believers.
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